Thursday, August 27, 2020

Essay about the biography of Leonardo da Vinci

About the memoir of Leonardo da Vinci - Essay Example On the craftsmanship front, there were extraordinary craftsmen, for example, Michelangelo, craftsman and stone carver who was well known for his chiseling of â€Å"David† and the â€Å"Pieta’ and the frescos on the roof of God and man-Raphael, Botticelli, Titian and the exceptional virtuoso Leonardo da Vinci who has contacted our lives in each conceivable angle. Leonardo Da Vinci, (April fifteenth, 1452 †May second 1519) was most broadly known as the â€Å"Renaissance man† and the most talented and multi-faceted individual of his time or so far as that is concerned ever to have lived. Leonardo was generally celebrated as a well famous craftsman yet next to this he was a researcher, creator, botanist, painter, stone carver, architect, author and performer. In the expressions of da Vinci, â€Å"Iron rusts from neglect; stale water loses its virtue and in chilly climate gets solidified; all things being equal, does inaction sap the force of the mind†. (da Vinci Leonardo) †these expressions of Leonardo da Vinci illuminate this mammoth of the Renaissance Age. Leonardo da Vinci epitomizes the ethics of this extraordinary age of history, which improved mankind for a very long time to come. Leonardo was resulting from wedlock to a well off Florentine public accountant and a laborer young lady on April 15, 1452. His dad, Piero da Vinci encouraged the little fellow and before long made them fill in as a student under the incomparable Florentine painter, Verocchio. Leonardo helped him in painting â€Å"the Baptism of Christ† (1470) in which the heavenly attendant bowing on the left has been painted by him. In the wake of going through six years under the tutelage of Verocchio, Leonardo, in 1472, entered the painters’ organization in Florence and was before long being authorized to work freely. Talking on the best way to pass judgment on an artistic creation, da Vinci should have cited, â€Å"When you paint take a gander at your work in a mirror; when you see it turned around, it will appear to you like some different painters work and you will be a superior adjudicator of its issues. (Leonardo da Vinci) This was the manner in which he made a decision about his works. In 1482, Leonardo moved to Milan

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Factors to the Rise of Slavery essays

Components to the Rise of Slavery expositions The development of the dark slave exchange was because of the decay of obligated hirelings, the requirement for a sickness safe workforce, and a workforce that was effectively reasonable; a blend of monetary, geographic, and social components. The New World at the beginning of American subjection, was at a fast development rate. Following quite a while of hardship and pitiful harvests, landowners were at last making benefits from crops that took numerous years to accomplish. As more farmland was being planted, the requirement for more assistance was progressively significant. From the start, most ranchers had diverted to white obligated hirelings from Europe, yet the quantity of contracted workers declined because of progressively better conditions back in England. Obligated workers presumed that the personal satisfaction was better back in England, than the Americas. Landowners needed to search for an alternate workforce. Already, dark slaves had been utilized, however just in little numbers. Most dark slaves were sent toward the West Indies rather, at that point slave brokers found another market: the Americas. Because of the significant expense of slaves, ordinarily, a landowner would purchase an a lot less expensive co ntractually bound slave, however since they were hard to come by, a slave was the better alternative. Slaves, albeit increasingly costly, were more cost proficient contrasted with a contractually bound slave. A slave could be saved for life rather than a couple of years, and the landowner was under no commitment to give a slave impetus like land. These slaves were basically ideal for the Americas. Geologically, the changing atmosphere states of the Americas assumed a significant job to the development of dark bondage. In the south, conditions were hot and moist. Landowners required individuals who could work in these brutal conditions. Slaves from West Africa were at that point familiar to the damp tropical-like climate. Landowners additionally required individuals who were increasingly impervious to ailments like smallpox or intestinal sickness. Dark slaves ... <!

Friday, August 21, 2020

2019 ALA Award Winners ALA Announces Their Top Books for 2019

2019 ALA Award Winners ALA Announces Their Top Books for 2019 During the Midwinter Meeting in Seattle, Washington, the American Library Association announced their top books of 2019, the winners of the Book, Print Media Awards, including the Youth Media Awards and the Andrew Carnegie Medals. Here are some of the ALA’s best of the best for your reading (and listening) enjoyment: A Few Red Drops: The Chicago Race Riot of 1919 by Claire Hartfield This YA nonfiction book that won the Coretta Scott King (Author) Book Award, recognizing an African American author of outstanding books for children and young adults, tells the story of how building tension and conflicted interests exploded into the 1919 Chicago Race Riot. All-of-a-Kind-Family Hanukkah by Emily Jenkins (Author) and Paul Zelinsky (Illustrator) Winner of the Sydney Taylor Book Award for Young Readers that honors outstanding books for children and teens that authentically portray the Jewish experience, All-of-a-Kind-Family Hanukkah gives a glimpse of a Jewish immigrant family and their customs. Sweep: The Story of a Girl and Her Monster by Jonathan Auxier is the winner of the Sydney Taylor Book Award for Older Readers. The winner of the Sydney Taylor Book Award for Teen Readers is What the Night Sings by Vesper Stamper An Absolutely Remarkable Thing by Hank Green (Narrated by  Kristen Sieh and Hank Green) When her YouTube video of an  extraterrestrial  goes viral, April May is pushed into the international spotlight and becomes the spokesperson of the human race in one of the selections on the Listen List: Outstanding Audiobook Narration for Adult Listeners  that highlights extraordinary narrators and listening experiences. The other 12 winners include The Darkest Child by Delores Phillips (Narrated by Bahni Turpin), Dear America: Notes of an Undocumented Citizen by Jose Antonio Vargas (Narrator), Educated: A Memoir by Tara Westover (Narrated by Julia Whelan), A False Report: A True Story of Rape in America by T. Christian Miller and Ken Armstrong (Narrated by Helen Huber, T. Christian Miller, and Ken Armstrong), The Feather Thief: Beauty, Obsession, and the Natural History Heist of the Century by Kirk Wallace Johnson (Narrated by MacLeod Andrews), The House of Broken Angels by Luis Alberto Urrea (Narrator), I Am, I Am, I Am: Seventeen Brushes with Death by Maggie O’Farrell (Narrate d by Daisy Donovan), The Last Black Unicorn by Tiffany Haddish (Narrator), The Monk of Mokha by Dave Eggers (Narrated by Dion Graham), The Secrets Between Us by Thrity Umrigar (Narrated by Sneha Mathan), The Silence of the Girls by Pat Barker (Narrated by Kristin Atherton and Michael Fox), and The Trauma Cleaner  by Sarah Krasnostein (Narrated by Rachel Tidd). Anger Is a Gift by Mark Oshiro Moss is dealing with the aftermath of his father’s murder by an Oakland police officer in this winner of the Schneider Family Book Award for teens (ages 13â€"18), which recognizes books that embody an artistic expression of the disability experience. Winners in the other age categories are Rescue Jessica: A Life-Changing Friendship by Jessica Kensky (Author), Patrick Downes (Author), and Scott Magoon (Illustrator) for young children (ages 0â€"10) and The Truth as Told by Mason Buttle by Leslie Connor for middle grades (ages 11â€"13). The Black God’s Drums by P. Djèlí Clark Creeper is done with living on the streets of New Orleans and sets her sights on the smuggler airship “Midnight Robber” in this winner of the Alex Award, given to  the 10 best adult books that appeal to teen audiences. The other books on the list include The Book of Essie by Meghan MacLean Weir, Circe by Madeline Miller, Educated: A Memoir by Tara Westover, The Girl Who Smiled Beads: A Story of War and  What Comes After by Clemantine Wamariya and Elizabeth Weil, Green by Sam Graham-Felsen, Home After Dark by David Small, How Long ‘Til Black Future Month? by N.K. Jemisin, Lawn Boy by Jonathan Evision, and Spinning Silver by Naomi Novik Darius the Great Is Not Okay by Adib Khorram Darius is overwhelmed by his upcoming first-time trip to Iran in the novel that won the William C. Morris Award for a debut book published by a first-time author writing for teens, as well as the Asian/Pacific American Award for Literature  in Young Adult Literature. Drawn Together by Minh Lê (Author) and Dan Santat (Illustrator) A lack of common language between a young boy and his grandfather leads to confusion, frustration, and silence. But magic happens with a shared love of art and storytelling in the Picture Book winner of the Asian/Pacific American Award for Literature, honoring the literary and artistic merit of individual work promoting Asian/Pacific Americans and their heritage. The Children’s Literature winner for the Asian/Pacific American Award for Literature is Front Desk by Kelly Yang. Dreamers by Yuyi Morales Morales brings her own immigration story to life in this picture book that won the Pura Belpré (Illustrator) Award  honoring a Latinx illustrator whose children’s books best portray, affirm, and celebrate the Latinx cultural experience. Fox the Tiger by Corey R. Tabor A fun and mischievous fox wishes he were a tiger and decides to become one in the winner of the Theodor Seuss Geisel Award for the most distinguished beginning reader book. The Girl Who Drew Butterflies: How Maria Merian’s Art Changed Science by Joyce Sidman This illustrative biography tells the story of the first person to document the metamorphosis of the butterfly and won the Robert F. Sibert Informational Book Award for most distinguished informational book for children. Go the Way Your Blood Beats: On Truth, Bisexuality and Desire by Michael Amherst This winner of the 2019 Stonewall Book Award â€" Israel Fishman Non-Fiction Award is part essay, part memoir, part love letter and challenges the idea that sexuality can ever be fully known or categorized. The Great Believers by Rebecca Makkai Winner of both the Stonewall Book Award â€" Barbara Gittings Literature Award and the Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Fiction, The Great Believers is the story of friendship and redemption in the face tragedy and loss during the 1980s AIDS crisis in Chicago. Heavy: An American Memoir by Kiese Laymon In this powerful memoir that won the Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence in Nonfiction, Laymon explores what a lifetime of secrets, lies, and deception does to a black body, a black family, and a nation teetering on the brink of moral collapse. Hello Lighthouse by Sophie Blackall This picture book that transports its readers into the daily life of a lighthouse keeper and  his family won the Randolph Caldecott Medal for most distinguished American picture book for children. Julián Is a Mermaid by Jessica Love The winner of the 2019 Stonewall Book Award â€" Mike Morgan Larry Romans Children’s Young Adult Literature Award for an English-language children’s book of exceptional merit relating to the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender experience, tells the story of self-love and celebrates individuality in a boy inspired by a glimpse of costumed mermaids. It shares the award with Hurricane Child by Kheryn Callender. Merci Suárez Changes Gears by Meg Medina Merci Suárez deals with difficult changes with her friends and family in this novel that won the John Newbery Medal for most outstanding contribution to children’s literature. Monday’s Not Coming by Tiffany D. Jackson Claudia’s best friend Monday Charles is missing in this novel that won the Coretta Scott King â€" John Steptoe New Talent (Author) Award affirming new talent and offering visibility to excellence in writing that might otherwise go unacknowledged. The Fox on the Swing by Evelina Daciute (Author) and AuÅ¡ra Kiudulaite (Illustrator) This picture book, translated from the Lithuanian Laime Yra Lape, about a friendship between a boy named Paul and the fox he meets on walk home from the baker won the Mildred L. Batchelder Award for an outstanding children’s book originally published in a language other than English in a country other than the United States, and subsequently translated into English for publication in the United States. The Poet X by Elizabeth Acevedo A young girl in Harlem discovers slam poetry in Acevedo’s debut novel that won the Michael L. Printz Award for excellence in literature written for young adults. The Poet X also won the Pura Belpré (Author) Award honoring a Latinx writer whose children’s books best portray, affirm, and celebrate the Latinx cultural experience. Sadie by Courtney Summer (Author), Rebecca Soler (Narrator), Fred Berman (Narrator), Dan Bittner (Narrator), Gabra Zackman (Narrator) After the death of her sister Mattie, Sadie goes on the hunt to find the killer in this winner of the Odyssey Award for best audiobook produced for children and/or young adults, available in English in the United States. Safe Houses  by Dan Fesperman Selected as the winner in Adrenaline by the Reading List Council who choose the best in fiction for adult readers, Safe Houses is a suspenseful story of a daughter seeking the reasons behind the gruesome murder of her parents. Other winners on the Reading List include Foundryside  by Robert Jackson Bennett in Fantasy, Between Earth and Sky  by Amanda Skenandore in Historical Fiction, The Silent Companions  by Laura Purcell in Horror, The Widows of Malabar Hill by Sujata Massey in Mystery, Intercepted by Alexa Martin in Romance, The Calculating Stars by Mary Robinette Kowal in Science Fiction, and Stray City  by Chelsey Johnson in Women’s Fiction. The Stuff of Stars by Marion Dane Bauer (Author) and Ekua Holmes (Illustrator) Bauer’s poetic text combines with Holmes’s vivid illustrations to blend art and science in this picture book that won the Coretta Scott King (Illustrator) Book Award recognizing an African American illustrator of outstanding books for children and young adults. Thank You, Omu! by Oge Mora All the neighbors arrive for Omu’s homemade stew in this winner of the 2019  Coretta Scott King â€" John Steptoe New Talent (Illustrator) Award affirming new talent and offering visibility to excellence in illustration that might otherwise go unacknowledged. The Unwanted: Stories of the Syrian Refugees by Don Brown This full-color graphic novel of the ongoing Syrian refugee crisis received the 2019 YALSA Award for Excellence in Nonfiction for Young Adults honoring the best nonfiction book published for young adults (ages 12â€"18). S0we want to know which books on the list get top marks from you and which books are now TBR? Sound off in the comments!

Monday, May 25, 2020

Effect of Technology on Human Life - 3204 Words

HAS TECHNOLOGY DELIVERED ON ITS PROMISE OF HUMAN BETTERMENT? PRESENTED TO DR. KRISTEN DOMIKE BY IMAOBONG UMOESSIEN 114279 ON 20 NOVEMBER 2012 UPEI ABSTRACT The purpose of this research was to understand and answer the question â€Å"Has Technology Delivered On Its Promise Of Human Betterment?†. To do so, we searched for the effects of medical technology on humans, using articles from the textbook and internet, the summary of lectures undergone over the semester and personal experience. Using ideas from the article â€Å"The Blow Back Of Duality†, I agreed that as medical technology became progressively fruitful, we encounter even more harmful diseases, although I disagreed with the author that this is basis for refuting the total effect of†¦show more content†¦The bubonic plague is an infectious disease that is transmitted from small rodents and their fleas to human and kills two thirds of infected humans within four days. In the sixth century, the first recorded epidemic of the bubonic plague killed approximately twenty five million people in the roman empire only. In the fourteenth century, the black death struc k again, killing 30% - 60% of the European population and a third of humanity (THE MIDDLE AGES.NET ). In the pre-antibiotic era, that is, before there was any medication (1900-1941), the mortality rate of those infected with the plague was 66%. Today in the United States, it has decreased to 11% (Plague in the United States). This is an instance where the effect of medical technology is profoundly shown. Today, with the proper treatment we see the bubonic plague as an inconvenience as opposed to the death sentence it was merely sixty years ago. However, as medical technology has made us more proficient in handling diseases, more dangerous diseases have sprung up for us to face. With the advancement in health came the advancement in the nature of illnesses faced daily, like cancer. This can be related to Jean Baudrillard’s point of view in the article â€Å"The Blow Back Of Duality† (Baudrillard, 2012). He believed that the blow back of duality is the way the world wor ks already, an inevitable reconstruction of the world by nature that occurs as a reaction toShow MoreRelatedThe Effect of Information Technology on Human Life5123 Words   |  21 Pagesï » ¿How Information Technology Has Effected Each Part Of Human Life 1.1 Introduction: Present day information era has given lots of freedoms to the citizens, which was not probable without the arrival of this age. The users of Information Systems have willingly available information, for example, full Encyclopedia Britannica in one CD with all types of sà ¸ °Ã  ¸â€¢arch fà ¸ °Ã  ¸â€¢aturà ¸ °Ã  ¸â€¢s is availablà ¸ °Ã  ¸â€¢, pointing towards corrà ¸ °Ã  ¸â€¢ct information within thà ¸ °Ã  ¸â€¢ right timà ¸ °Ã  ¸â€¢. Picture doing this with the book version of the EncyclopediaRead MoreThe Impact Of Technology On The Modern World1547 Words   |  7 PagesImpact Of Technology In the Modern World Throughout the life, some influences have shaped people the way they live their lives today. Impact of a virtual connection, and go beyond the brain’s ability, is rising in an eyesight bling, which is a cause of socialization— brain’s ability to multitask and their consequences itself. The usage of the internet is creating conflict upon individuals that they have become modern in today’s world. In the essay â€Å"The Limit Of Friendship† by Maria Konnikova, whoRead MoreEffects of Rising Technology1196 Words   |  5 PagesEffects of Rising Technology In the twenty first century, evolution and constant use of technology have greatly impacted humans, and their ways to approaching media. Many people believe that technology has improved the quality of life of the people at a great depth, while others see it as a force that has escaped from human control. Modern technology such as Internet, may help people solve problems or gather information faster than an ordinary human being is capable of. At theRead MoreEffects Of Electromagnetic Radiation On Human Life853 Words   |  4 Pagesrecent years, due to technology advances human life are subjected to high level of Electromagnetic emission, Effects of the Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) on the humans health is one most significant concern in the world. The present paper recognize of the possible health hazard on the humanity by exposure of Electromagnetic radiations (EMR). Potential of electromagnetic radiation can radiate through transmission lines which are very close to human’s life. The effects of the radiations areRead MoreInvention Is the Mother of Necessities1649 Words   |  7 PagesWe Ask Ourselves Marshall McLuhan s saying, Invention is the mother of necessities, is an example of wit. How is it witty? What is the original saying? You need wit to think about technology, for wit demands creative thinking. And once you start thinking creatively, you start to see the effect of technology on us all. The usual saying is, Necessity is the mother of invention. That makes sense: right now, for example, the world may be running out of oil, and as a result, the necessity ofRead MoreThe Myth Of The Ant Queen1357 Words   |  6 PagesWhile technology is commonly thought of as inventions and gadgets, anything that humans have developed for specific purposes or to accomplish certain goals, such as methods or models, must also be correctly categorized as such. In Cathy Davidson’s essay â€Å"Project Classroom Makeover,† she discusses a few unconventional forms of technology such as the educational classroom paradigm and standardization. Similarly, in Steve Johnson’s essay â€Å"The Myth of the Ant Queen,† he presents procedural technologyRead MoreTechnology has Effects in Our Lives The development of technology has significantly changed700 Words   |  3 PagesTechnology has Effects in Our Lives The development of technology has significantly changed society. An endless number of People all over the world use and benefit from modern technology, and the incredible opportunities it provides play a significant role in almost all fields of human life. Technology has simplified the access to many necessary tools people need in education, industry, medicine, communication, transportation, and so on. However, excessive usage of technology has its drawbacksRead MoreHow Technology Affects Human Life1549 Words   |  7 PagesHow Technology Affects to Human s Life In modern society, technology is an integral part of human life. Many people think that technology has a positive impact because it helps them a lot. In many ways, technology has helped human beings to adapt to an easier way of life. People can use technology for communication, transportation, education, manufacturing and so much more. However, some people believe that technology has a negative impact because many people have become very dependent on it. TechnologyRead MoreCause And Effect Of Technology882 Words   |  4 PagesThe Effects of Technology There is no escape from technology.In most cases this is actually a good thing and not such a problem as it’s made out to be. To understand technology; first we need a common definition. Technology is anything that makes a task easier for someone or something. Technology has changed almost all of the ways in which we live our lives. Technology was once non existent in most households as people believed that life was built purely on life experiences. Nicholas Carr statedRead MoreTechnology Has On Our Knowledge And Skills1464 Words   |  6 Pagesanti-hero is technology. I’m calling technology an anti-hero because of the effects that it has on society and the methods it uses are sometime unorthodox. Technology has increased human knowledge and skills throughout the years, however, over that same time it took away older knowledge and skills fundamental to life. In the first section I’m going to address the positive effect of technology has on our knowledge and skills. In the second, I will focus on the negative ways technology affects knowledge

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Debate Over the Nephilim Essay - 2049 Words

The Nephilim are usually known as the giants and offspring of spiritual beings with humans. They are primarily described in Genesis from the Bible and have been misunderstood and misinterpreted over the years. Theologians, scientists, and Christians have come up with various theories on who the Nephilim really are and where they came from. Due to these distinct beliefs over this controversial topic, religions all over the world including, different cultural backgrounds such as Greek mythology, have taken the Nephilim and adapted their understanding and interpretation of the scripture of the Nephilim’s identity to their own doctrines. Understanding who the Nephilim really were can help one comprehend more about the Creation, God, and the†¦show more content†¦In this particular Bible version, which is the New International Version, the word â€Å"humans† is being used. However, other versions such as the New King James version, the Bible does not mention humans, it mentions men. This might not make that much of a difference when interpreting these verses because it can be easily concluded that a man is a human, but as we read further you will see that every word incorporates a different meaning to scripture. One common interpretation of these verses is that as people began to reproduce in great numbers to inhabit the earth, they had beautiful daughters who were born to them. The sons of God, which appear to be angelical beings, saw how beautiful they were and took them as wives. This interpretation implies that these angels were fallen angels. Then God saw the wickedness that was going on and decided to shorten men’s years of life to a hundred and twenty years. God says that His spirit will not remain with humans forever because humans had shown their evil nature, mortality and wickedness. Another common interpretation is that â€Å"daughters of men† refers to Cain’s descendants and sinful lineage which represented wickedness. And the â€Å"sons of God† are actually referring to Seth ´s descendants which represented a holy and righteous people. This interpretation clearly states that there was no spiritual interference between the sons of GodShow MoreRelatedEssay about The Flood of Noah and the Flood of Gilgamesh1844 Words   |  8 Pagesexcept for the slight differences for the names of the heroes, shapes of the arks, and story itself. Besides few small details of the story, though, everything else is very parallel to each other. Noah’s Flood in Bible begins with God, who grieved over the wickedness of men, deciding to wipe out mankind on the face of earth. However, he spares Noah because he found favor in God’s eyes. God tells Noah how he should prepare to survive the flood that God will cause soon in following quotation: So make

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Internet Saftey Essay - 886 Words

Have you ever seen the television show on NBC Dateline To Catch a Predator? Well if you haven’t, Chris Hansen, the host of the show, has a set up to catch predators online who are trying to meet younger children and arrest predators for trying to seduce young children. This is just one case of why parents are becoming more worried for their children to be using the Internet. Parents strive to find ways to keep their children safe while using the Internet and there are several ways you can do that right at home by protecting your children, having the computer in a high traffic place, and blocking websites. First of all, a great way to start protecting your children is to have a computer in a high traffic area in the house where children†¦show more content†¦Adults discourage as much as possible to stay away from downloading music. Downloading music slows down your computer and after a while your computer will have a bunch of problems. Computers are expensive and having to get them fixed or even buy a new one every 3 years is not something you want to do or even may not be able to afford. A good way you can prevent this is spending time with you children online while they are doing their homework. Teach them how to use different sources and this way you can also watch what sites are being visited. Children need to earn respect from parents and by doing that they need to keep away from the things that may harm computers such as looking at dirty web sites, like porn. Set boundaries for what type of information are acceptable to give out. If you have a Facebook account or a MySpace, account let them know what pictures are acceptable. Not just telling them that the certain picture is acceptable but tell them why it isn’t. It can be very hard for children to understand and not listen but having drinking pictures on social networks is in risk of getting in trouble at school. Back in 2005 several kids got in trouble for having pictures on their Fa cebook account of them drinking. Several students who were drinking in pictures were suspended from there sports for long periods of times, like a certain wrestler who was one of the best wrestlers in the state and endedShow MoreRelated Alcoholism - No Easy Solution Essay example986 Words   |  4 PagesHeinle, March 14, 1994. 135-136. Falcone, Timothy J. Alcoholism and Drug Addiction FAQs Saint Jude Retreat House. 19 April 2004. Online. Internet. 19 April 2004. Available: National Highway Traffic Saftey Administration. Operating Administrations, U.S. DOT FY 2005 Budget in Brief. 19 April 2004. Online. Internet. 19 April 2004. Available: Read MoreWhole Foods Pestel Analysis994 Words   |  4 Pagesthe obesity epidemic spreading throughout the country. The technological aspect of the grocery industry is hasn t changed all that much. There is only so much these companies can do regarding technological innovations. Whole Foods is emerging new Internet capabilities that includes online shopping services. They have also established new communication facilities which focus on the distribution and retail and products and goods. Whole has advanced in new technologies for processing goods, as well asRead MoreExplain the Legal, Ethical and Operational Issues in Relation to the Use of Information.2016 Words   |  9 Pagessystems with intent to commit another offence and unauthorised modification of computer material is all illegal. Ethical issues. An ethical issue is a code of practise that exists in an organisation to maintain business ethics on use of email, internet, whistle blowing, organisational policies and information ownership. Use of email Many organisations or businesses have a code of practice on the correct use of email Emails are used as an electric memo, but only where text is short and to theRead MoreCyberbullying : A Serious Problem Among Adolescents2879 Words   |  12 PagesWith the demand for internet and cell phone interaction, it seems that children and teens feel compelled to be on social media or communicating on their cell phones excessively throughout the day. This need, to be â€Å"in the know† at all times and constantly communicating with someone else is what advances cyber bullying to be much more common than traditional bullying (Madden 2014). Just like traditional bullying, there are multiple ways a bully can attack on the internet. Bullies use theseRead MoreSexual Rape And Sexual Assault2248 Words   |  9 Pagesto anyone of any gender. Only 3% of men wear nail polish and the other 97% are women ranging from the age of under 20 and 46 and up (STATISTICS). Undercover Colors only pertains to one gender, while keeping the other gender helpless. So, Sip into Saftey want to fix that, we want to create an invention that can help all people no matter your gender. With Sip into Safety Straw we have several ideas on the construction of the straw and how it should be designed. With the help of pen and paper forRead MoreResourceing Talent3347 Words   |  14 PagesTasks and responsibilities of individual jobs, position descriptions 6, Working conditions — dress code, uniforms, policies and procedures 7, Occupational health and safety regulations 8 Training - Training services, information on company internet or interactive learning facilities 9, Introduction to other staff and team leader, supervisor or manager 10, Introduction to work area 11, Introduction to the job. Date/Time Topic Location Method Instructtor When What Whhere HowRead MoreThe September 11 2001 : Is It A Turning Point For American History?2077 Words   |  9 Pagessecurity as it should. One way the government addressed this issue was by passing the Patriot Act. The Patriot Act significantly increased the ability of law enforcement agencies to trace terrorist cells, especially those using the phone system or the Internet; to share information among many different security agencies; and to seize the financial assets used by terrorists. This act has spurred controversy in recent years, as leaked classified documents have brought disturbing details into light. In 2013Read MoreAirline Industry Analysis 32520 Words   |  11 Pagesairport sholud beware of emission, but also for the whelo airline industry should be considered. Legal Legislation for the airline consist of employment laws, company law, tax law and their regulation. Redundency, Landing right, health and saftey, that are all the airlines should be concidered as legal factor. Future Development on Airline Industry Gulf war, world trade centre disaster, Iraq war, which several time hit the airline industry. Economical and political factor has alwaysRead MoreComprehensive Classroom Technology Plan Essay4609 Words   |  19 Pagesclassroom where all the computers are connected to the internet within the classroom. Usually this connection is a Wireless LAN or Ethernet. A more basic definition would be a connection that is made using cords that connect each computer with another. This can be inconvenient to many classrooms because there is a lack of space and organization to accommodate the wires that are needed. A wireless classroom is a classroom where computers access their internet connection through a wireless router. This canRead MoreGlobal Financial Crisis : A Social And Economic System Driven By Network Technologies3327 Words   |  14 Pagesantidote to materialism and overconsumption† (All eyes, 2013). Traditional economies are organized around ownership; today, we are organiz ing ourselves around access to assets. â€Å"A down economy, coupled with the ease of use and reliability of the Internet, has given rise to a network of part-time entrepreneurs who are turing personal assets into income† (Nielson, 2014). In the context of this report, I will discuss the share economy and how it is helping us to be more efficient (SUSTAINABLE - this

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Ethics of Autonomous Drones in the Military free essay sample

She states that even the best and most trained soldiers that are in the midst of battle may not always be able to act accordingly with the battlefield rules of engagement that were stated by the Geneva Convention because of possible lashing out from normal human emotions such as anger, fear, resent, and vengefulness. The second major point Dean wants to show, by the views and studies of others, in her article is that with this possible step in our evolution of military technology we do not want to let this idea fade away. Another major point is if we do develop this technology how would we do so, and if not, would we regret not advancing in this field further many years from now. With all of this information Dean uses to present her ideas there are still major flaws such as, the majority of these ideas and beliefs are theoretical, they still have not been fully tested, there is error in all technologies, and where else would the technological advancements lead artificial intelligence. We will write a custom essay sample on Ethics of Autonomous Drones in the Military or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The first argument providing support for Dean’s major point comes from the research hypothesis and thoughts of a computer scientist at Georgia Institute of Technology named Ronald Arkin. Arkin is currently under contract by the United States Army to design software programs for possible battlefield and current battlefield robots. The research hypothesis of Arkin is that he believes that intelligent autonomous robots can perform much more ethically in the heat of the battlefield than humans currently can. Yet this is just a hypothesis and while there is much research done towards this hypothesis there are still no absolutely positive research information that states an autonomous robot drone can in fact perform better than any soldier on the ground or up in a plane could do. In Arkins hypothesis, he stated that these robots could be designed with no sense of self-preservation. This means that without one of the strongest fears for humans, the fear of death, these robots would be able to understand, compute, and react to situations with out outside extraneous emotions. Although the men and women designing these robot programs may be able to eliminate this psychological problem of scenario fulfillment, which will cause soldiers to retain information that is playing out easier with a bias to pre-existing ideas, it is not always the case that this happens to soldiers. You have to realize that from the second a soldier begins his training he is trained and taught to eliminate the sense of self-preservation. There are isolated incidents with soldier error, but they are and will be corrected by superior officers or their fellow soldiers. Another factor that affects Cornelia Dean’s arguments is that there are errors in all things including technology. Throughout history there have been new uses of technology in warfare but with these come problems and error flaws that have cause and can cause more casualties than needed. With the use of an Automated drone the belief by Dean is that it will be able to decide whether or not to launch an attack on a high priority target whether or not if the target is in a public are and will decide if the civilian casualties would be worth it. But what happens if that drone is only identifying the target and the number of civilians surrounding it? It will not be able to factor in what type of people would be around him such as men, women, or children and any variance of them. The error in this situation would be the drone saying the target is high enough priority and a missile is launched and the civilians were women and children around while a school bus was driving by. The casualties would then instantly out weigh the priority to eliminate a specific target and a human pilot would much easier abort a mission than a predetermined response of an autonomous robot. Although Ronald Arkin believes there are situations that could arise when there may not be time for a robotic device to relay back what is happening to a human operator and wait for how to respond in the situation that could complete a mission, it may be that second of time delay between the robot and human operator that the ethical judgment is made. Also the realization that many robots in which are operated by humans are widely used to detect mines, dispose of or collects bombs, and clear out buildings to help ensure extra safety of our soldiers is a way that robots are already used today as battlefield assistants supports Dean. But all of these machines in the field have moments of failure or error. When the machines do fail it takes a soldier who has trained for that experience to fix and then use it again. If an autonomous drone fails while on a mission it is completely by its self and no human operator to fix it. Then can arise the problem of enemies realizing they were even being monitored and they could gain access to our military technology and can eventually use it against us. Another major point that Cornelia Dean discusses upon is with this possible step in our evolution of military technology we do not want to let this idea fade away. A large part of that is if we do develop this technology how would we do so, and if not, how much would we regret or how much would it affect us for not advancing in this field further many years from now. The argument that if other countries advance upon this faster and better than the United States military we could become less of a world power and be more at risk of attack and war with greater human fatalities is not necessarily true. This situation is important in the sense of keeping up with the other world powers but I believe that the risk for reward is not worth the amount of damage and civilian casualties that could happen from any number of robotic drones and their possible errors. There is a possibility as the technology develops and robots become more and more aware to the point were, Arkin believes that, they can make decisions at a higher level of technological development. Yet if these autonomous robots truly can think for themselves and make decisions brings a whole new possibility of problems of what if the robot can decide something differently than what the developers originally had programmed. Also comes the actual use problem of can the government ethically accept that in early stages of use, even after extraneous testing, there may be accidental casualties. If a robot has any error of making decisions because of how new and un-tested they are any of the possibly terrible results would not be the responsibility of the robot but of the country and government that designed it. The supporting evidence of this article strongly shows that Cornelia Dean will hope that use of these ethically superior autonomous robots will be apart of our military in the near future before the United States fall behind to other super powers in the world. Yet with all of this information Dean uses to present her ideas there are still major flaws such as, the majority of these ideas and beliefs are theoretical, they still have not been fully tested, and that there is error in all technologies. With these major points being enforced with plenty of evidence throughout the article, and with all of the possible negative sides and errors of this argument, it is safe to say that this will be and is a controversial topic of discussion by many governments and all parties involved with this technological advancement.